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Cardiovascular diseases: this drink increases the risk, especially in women

  • March 29, 2024
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cardiovascular-diseases:-this-drink-increases-the-risk,-especially-in-women

THE cardiovascular illnesses are the leading cause of death for women in France, according to Public Health France. Among them, coronary heart disease refer to disorders of cardiac blood circulation due to progressive obstruction of the vessels. They can manifest in the form of several conditions, such as anginaor myocardial infarctions. If sex, age, or even heredity play a role in the development of cardiovascular diseases, certain harmful habits can also promote them, such as physical inactivitypoor diet, or even smoking according to Public Health France. But these are not the only environmental factors that can increase the risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases.

What is the impact of alcohol consumption on the development of cardiovascular diseases?

This is what observed a study presented on March 28, 2024 at the American College of Cardiology Annual Scientific Session, but not yet published. The researchers analyzed data from more than 430,000 people aged between 18 and 65 who did not suffer from heart disease at the start of the work, in order to study the link between their alcohol consumption and the risks of developing coronary heart disease in the next 4 years.

At the end of the study, approximately 3,000 participants were diagnosed with coronary heart disease during the 4-year follow-up period and the scientists noted that the incidence of this condition increased with levels of alcohol consumption. “When it comes to binge drinking, men and women who binge drink have a higher risk of heart disease” Jamal Rana, lead author of the study, said in a statement.

Coronary heart disease: women with high alcohol consumption have 45% more risk than those with low consumption

More, “in women we see an ever higher risk, even in the absence of excessive alcohol consumption“, added the researcher. Indeed, the scientists in the study noted that in women, those who reported high alcohol consumption (more than 8 drinks per week) had a 45% higher risk of heart disease than women who reported low consumption, and 29% higher than those reporting moderate consumption. Among men, those with high alcohol consumption were 33% more likely to develop heart disease than those who reported moderate drinking. “Women think they are protected against heart disease until they are older, but this study shows that Even when you are young or middle-aged, if you consume a lot of alcohol or indulge in binge drinking, you are at risk of coronary heart disease“, explained Jamal Rana.

To explain this association between alcohol consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women, the study researchers point out that alcohol increases blood pressure and can lead to metabolic changes associated with inflammation and obesity. They add that women process alcohol differently than menwhich modifies their risks.

Alcohol consumption and heart disease: these results show the need to increase prevention

For the scientists of this work, these results show that we must pay attention to consumption as much as to other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. “When it comes to heart diseases, the first thing that comes to mind is smokingand we don’t think of alcohol as one of the vital signs“, said Jamal Rana. He concluded that, according to him, “greater awareness is needed and that alcohol should be part of routine health assessments in the future”.

Sources :

  • Alcohol raises heart disease risk, particularly among women – Science Daily – 27 mars 2024
  • Coronary heart disease – Geneva University Hospitals
  • Cardiovascular diseases and stroke – Public Health France
author avatar
Emilie Biechy-Tournade