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Faced with disapproval, the BMI retracts: Analysis of power dynamics within the Presidential Transitional Council of Haiti

  • May 4, 2024
  • 7
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Par Patrick Prézeau Stephenson


In Haiti, a political theater rife with conflicts of interest and strategic maneuvering, the formation of the Indissoluble Majority Bloc (BMI) within the Presidential Transition Council (CPT) marks a significant turning point in the governance landscape. Recent developments involving the BMI’s decision to appoint Fritz Bélizaire as Prime Minister not only highlight the complexities of transitional governance but also highlight the ongoing struggle for control within the CPT. This essay explores the implications of the BMI’s actions, the reactions of different political factions, and the broader consequences for Haiti’s political stability.


The CPT, a body formed in response to Haiti’s deep political crisis, is made up of representatives from various political entities, including the Collective of Political Parties of January 30, 2023, and other major groups such as the Democratic Resistance/Engaged for Development (RED/EDE) and the Historical political group. Among these, the involvement of Pitit Desalin through representative Emmanuel Vertilaire was particularly influential, leading to the establishment of the BMI. Recent actions by this majority bloc have intensified divisions within the CPT, illustrating the challenges of building consensus in a transitional governmental framework.

BMI Strategic Movement

The formation of the BMI and its subsequent appointment of Fritz Bélizaire as Prime Minister represents a strategic consolidation of power. By rallying a small majority within the CPT, the BMI aims to streamline decision-making processes and solidify its influence on Haiti’s transitional governance. However, this maneuver is not without controversy. The Fanmi Lavalas party, represented by councilor Lesly Voltaire, vigorously opposes the tactics of the BMI, which it perceives as transforming the CPT into a de facto parliament where minority voices are marginalized, reducing them to mere observers in decisions. national critiques.

Reaction of the International Community

The international community, represented by Luis Almagro, secretary general of the Organization of American States (OAS), also expressed reservations regarding the procedure leading to Bélizaire’s appointment. Almagro’s reservations highlight the potential risks associated with such power consolidations, particularly in a fragile political environment where inclusive governance is essential for legitimacy and stability.

Proposed Changes and Resistance

In response to the crisis, a change in the voting method is being considered; in the absence of consensus, the decision will no longer be subject to a simple majority vote (4 out of 7) as provided for in the agreement of April 3, 2024, but to a qualified majority (5 out of 7) to avoid a decision control of the CPT. However, the Haitian Tèt Kale party (PHTK), member of the January 30 collective, tries to minimize the crisis by asserting that Fritz Bélizaire was not an imposed designation as Prime Minister, but only a proposal… and that each representative could present its candidate to be put to the vote. A dupe proposal that will not change anything if the voting method remains the same, because with 4 votes out of 7, the BMI will always prevail in decisions requiring a simple majority vote.


Events unfolding within Haiti’s CPT reflect a broader struggle for power and representation in a country marked by political instability and governance challenges. The formation of the BMI and its implications demonstrate the complexities of coalition politics in transitional governments. As Haiti continues to navigate these turbulent waters, the international community, as well as local political leaders, must strive to establish a governance model that not only addresses immediate crises but also lays the foundation for political processes. sustainable and inclusive. Haiti’s future stability rests on the ability of its leaders to transcend factional interests and truly commit to the well-being of all its citizens, ensuring that no group remains merely an observer of its own country’s future. .

Contact Media Patrick Prézeau Stephenson: Editor [email protected]

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