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Haiti | Personnel changes without deep structural reforms: An unchanged reality?

  • June 10, 2024
  • 5 Min
  • 8

Described as the poorest country in the Caribbean, and the most corrupt, according to Transparency International’s 2024 annual report, Haiti is a territory where governments and authorities struggle to inspire trust. The formation of a ministerial cabinet is often marked by confrontation and uncertainty. It is true that this situation seems familiar, as if it were the first time that an unconstitutional ministerial cabinet had to be formed. In reality, this training is always accompanied by implicit conditions, this time linked to the acceptance of the deployment of foreign forces on national territory.

This raises many questions. How is it possible that each ministerial cabinet formation must pass through the filter of submission to external interests? The process used seems dictated more by external forces than by a true national desire for reform and progress. This whole situation reflects a glaring lack of patriotism on the part of the (new) leaders, incapable of opposing foreign interference to defend national sovereignty.

It is therefore useful to recall the examples of great politicians who knew how to form governments in difficult circumstances. Frenchman Charles de Gaulle, for example, established a resilient and independent government in the face of occupation during World War II. Similarly, Nelson Mandela formed an inclusive government in South Africa after decades of apartheid, promoting national reconciliation. These examples show that, despite difficult circumstances, it is possible to form governments with integrity and authenticity. But in Haiti, “some people want it both ways.”

In Haiti, Dr. Garry Conille is currently at the center of discussions for the formation of the next ministerial cabinet. Speculation is rife about possible appointments, particularly for defense, justice and foreign affairs positions. However, the effectiveness and legitimacy of this future government are highly hypothetical because “it is at the foot of the wall that we recognize the true worker. »

The imminent publication of the list of new ministers in Le Moniteur raises questions about its real impact on the poor situation in the country. Will this list put an end to institutionalized corruption in Haiti? Will it improve the living conditions of the Haitian people who are suffering deeply in their bodies and souls? Experience shows that personnel changes, without profound structural reforms, have little chance of transforming the daily reality of citizens.

The current crisis context, characterized by the absence of a parliament to approve the cabinet, makes the situation even more precarious. A government without parliamentary legitimacy remains weak and vulnerable. This situation serves as a reminder of the importance of democratic legitimacy and popular support for any government seeking to implement lasting reforms.