Verified on 03/28/2024 by Alexane Flament, Editor

Type 2 diabetes is a disease that develops slowly.

Thus, taken in time, in a situation of prediabetes, it is possible to reverse the trend and avoid the disease. Here’s how to do it and what foods to avoid.

Prediabetes: what is it?

Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes comes on gradually. Thus, prediabetes characterizes a period where la blood sugar fasting is between 1.10 g/L and 1.25 g/L (normal fasting blood sugar is less than 1.10 g/L). He then reports a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

This is due to progressive resistance of the liver and organs to the action of insulin.

“The pancreas, which secretes insulin, in return provides a significant effort to continue to produce this hormone essential to cell survival. Over time, it becomes exhausted. Its cells (islets of Langerhans) secrete less and less insulin; type 2 diabetes sets in » indicates the French Federation of Diabetics.

This phase of prediabetes indicates a disruption that occurs gradually. This period can be long and silent. Fortunately, it is also reversible, notably thanks to a good diet!

Prediabetes: what should you avoid eating?

If you have prediabetes, it is possible to avoid the disease. This can be done by changing your diet.

Indeed, blood sugar is influenced by the carbohydrates consumed throughout the day. These are nutrients essential for the proper functioning of the body.

It is therefore important not to eliminate them completely but to learn how to better distribute them throughout the day. It is found in dairy products, fruits, milk, yogurts, legumes

Glucose is used to provide energy, in diabetes it builds up in the blood and raises blood sugar levels.

You must therefore consume green or orange vegetables every day, starchy foods such as pasta, rice or potatoes, at least two fatty fish per week but also legumes, tofu and meat. Prefer fruits to juices and include dairy products in your diet.

There aren’t really any products to avoid. You simply have to ensure that you find a varied and balanced diet while eliminating sugary products as much as possible, because of their hyperglycemic effect.

Specialists also advise resuming physical activity to maintain a healthy weight. Diabetes is favored in a situation of overweight. If you want practical advice, the help of a dietician-nutritionist can be invaluable.

Florine Cauchie

Health journalist

March 28, 2024, at 11:23 a.m.

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